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How Tor Browser Works? | Advantages & Disadvantages Of Tor Browser

Tor is a browser that makes your connection anonymous. In this article we are going to discuss tor browser & what are the advantages & disadvantages of tor browser?

Let’s talk about tor browser deeply.

What is Tor Browser?

Tor Browser is a free software application bundled with Tor anonymity network that allows users to surf the Internet anonymously (bypassing censorship). In addition to providing security from surveillance and traffic analysis, Tor serves web sites’ content data without altering it. This means that even if a user’s IP address changes while visiting a website, the website will still be able to serve its page to them.

Tor Browser works by using a proxy server that encrypts outgoing connections, and then routes that connection to the target website via a series of randomly chosen relays – volunteers who run nodes of the network. These nodes are configured not to keep logs about their visitors.
Tor Browser is developed by the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) and Mozilla Corporation at the request of activists, journalists, and members of the public concerned with online privacy and freedom of expression. In February 2012, EFF announced that TorBrowser 1.0 was released. Version 2.0 became generally available in November 2013.

Features of Tor Browser

Tor browser is a web browser designed for anonymity and privacy, similar to the Tor network. Unlike normal browsers, Tor Browser does not record information about its users’ visits (such as which sites they visit) and their activities (like what files they download), making it harder for websites to track them. You can use Tor Browser to access censored content from places like The Pirate Bay, WikiLeaks, and even the site of the United States Department of Defense.
Tor Browser works by routing traffic via a worldwide volunteer network of relays that conceal user identity by bouncing communications around a distributed selection of servers called onion routers controlled by volunteers around the world who are referred to as Onion Routing Members (ORMs). By default, the Tor Browser uses only three outbound connections at any given time – two from randomization servers and one to prevent DNS leaks. To connect to a website, your computer sends a request to a randomization server; the server then routes your request to a different node in the network, where it is forwarded again, and so on, until it reaches the destination server. Each successive hop adds latency to the connection, but each additional hop makes it more difficult for intermediaries to learn your real IP address as well as the pages you view.

The Tor Project’s stated goal is to make ordinary people safer online by giving them control over how much privacy they choose for themselves. As one would imagine, however, the software isn’t perfect; for example, it doesn’t always provide protection against malicious sites, which may be able to de-anonymize users.

Drawbacks of Tor Browser

The Tor Browser is a free (as in speech) privacy tool that uses a virtual private network (VPN) to mask your online activity. You can use Tor to browse the web anonymously, without being tracked by websites, advertisers, and law enforcement agencies. You can also use it to access sites that are blocked by government censorship. Using Tor requires some technical knowledge and understanding of how Tor works, but if you want to keep your browsing activities secret, it’s worth learning about.
Here are the Drawbacks of using the Tor Browser:
You have to know what you’re doing!
Tor isn’t just a standard VPN; it provides anonymity by connecting you to a worldwide network of computers run by volunteers who make sure no-one learns anything about your traffic. To do this, the volunteers route your internet traffic through several random nodes that help hide its origin. In order to protect your identity, you need to understand how Tor works and that means we’ve written a guide that explains how Tor actually works.
If you’re not careful, you could end up giving away your personal information
There are many ways people could learn about your browsing habits, including the IP address associated with your computer, cookies stored on your device, or even your search terms. We’re here to explain exactly how Tor works, so you don’t accidentally give away any information.
Your connection might drop while you’re browsing
If you happen to visit a site that blocks Tor users, you’ll get a warning message saying the website doesn’t accept connections from Tor. That’s because they think you’re trying to break their security, and they block you in case you’re up to something bad. Unfortunately, this can mean you lose your data if the site crashes unexpectedly.
You won’t always find your destination
Just because a page looks normal under regular circumstances, that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s safe to go inside. When you browse the web, whether you’re looking at Facebook, Wikipedia, or YouTube, you may encounter pages that look perfectly fine and seem legitimate. However, once you enter these pages, you could be exposing yourself to malware and phishing attacks.
It’s slow
Some websites aren’t compatible with the Tor network, so you may experience slower loading speeds than usual. Also, if you’re using wireless connections, Tor can slow down your internet speed, especially if you’re sharing bandwidth with others. It takes longer to download stuff Because Tor traffic goes through many different locations, your downloads may take longer than normal.

How Tor Browser Works?

Tor Browser is a free software project that provides users with enhanced anonymity online. Tor is an acronym for “The Onion Router”. It was created in 2004 by the United States Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Tor uses encryption to anonymize network traffic by bouncing data around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers worldwide. All nodes in the system have equal status and can choose whether or not to accept relay requests from others. There is no central point of failure; if any node fails, traffic routing stops working until the problem is fixed.
Tor’s design goals are broad and deep: to provide complete confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity for all Internet transactions, regardless of content or origin. Tor does not just protect you from surveillance, censorship, malware, and DNS spoofing—it lets you access services anonymously without requiring trust in any third party.
To use Tor, you first install the Tor Launcher application. Next, you launch the Tor Browser Bundle, which bundles several Tor applications together. These applications include the Tor client, Torbutton, Vidalia, and Privoxy. You can configure the settings of the Tor Browser Bundle using its graphical user interface or command-line options.


In this article we have discussed advantages & disadvantages of Tor Browser. If you like this also share it with your friends. For any further queries just comment us below…

Ankush Sheoran
Ankush Sheoran
Hey, I am Ankush Sheoran currently working on TheTechnoBug as a content Creator. I am from Hisar, Haryana. There is nothing much to tell about education. According to me " Learning skills is necessary as well as Education". Appart from content writing i have interest in Cyber Security.


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